Castle of Montericco and balsamic territory


A land with balsamic nature

These fertile hills that have no rivals in the barren lands beyond the Tresinaro river and on this side of Crostolo river, have been identified and certainly appreciated by the inhabitants of the nearby plain of Reggio Emilia as veritable mountains of prosperity and wealth and "baptized" generically as the "rich mountains" (“monti ricchi” in italian). Can also be found on ancient parchments under the latin name “montis richi” plural), This word locates a large territory, sandwiched between Borzano and Albinea, ranging from Rio Groppo, natural boundary to Borzano, the opposite side, to the west, from Cavazzone along the Rio Lavezza, up to Roncosano.

For this reason we have chosen to use the names of some of the locations for our vinegar dressings, with respect for the art and history of the place.

(Castello, Giareto e Cà del vento)

The Castle of Montericco

Montericco's castle is named in the documents as a fief of the Manfredi family back in 1367. The castle stands on a small hill, once called Bazzano (on which is now built the new church of Montericco) and goes to engage the range of hills between Albinea and Borzano. The castle could dominate the north and east of a large stretch of plain.


Cartolina vintage del castello di Montericco. Fonte pro-loco Albinea.

Looking at the current configuration of the land and the remains existing, you can easily know how the defenses of the castle were arranged in two tiers: a lower slope of the hill was formed by the cut in peak, in order to avoid an easy climb. This defense surrounded all around the castle. The second was a veritable curtain of stone of over one meter, probably with groves. The main entrance to the fortress was closed by noon on the side of the tower and drawbridge, the foundations of this building is still observed.

In modern times, a road has been built, that led to the castle from below "dovecote" This road joins another one and leads to the old church. The recent restoration has enabled us to fully restore the castle in its primitive form, freeing added by consolidating internal and external, foundations and masonry.

Architecture of the castle

The castle has a rectangular and irregular plan with a crenellated tower in the northwest corner, equipped with machicolations. A staircase of stone in the ground floor leads into the entrance hall and spacious with high coffered wooden ceiling, still in good condition. From the hall start the stairs to the upper floors and in the corner there is a trap door protected by a sturdy lid shod, which reach the underground forming a narrow prison.

The tower, slightly higher than the rest, consists of solid masonry, the use of which is restricted to the small platform top.

Other points of interest in the hills of Montericco

Giareto (Gravel Hill)

Taking the path “Cà del Vento” it's possible to reach the Giareto, where you can admire a beautiful view to the area. Turning west towards Montericco, you will leave the path and take first Scaparra dstreet and then there Castellana street with its great oaks. The name “giareto” in dialect incorporates the presence of acorns in these paths.


Prati stabili e boschi di roverella nella campagna del Giareto.

Cà del Vento (Wind House)

Cà del Vento is located on the border with Viano and is linked to the name of the Cav. Alberto Pansa that built his residence here.

From here you have a fantastic view over the city and is a place known as the antenna for star gazing while enjoying barbecues.

From the path Cà del Vento (CAI No. 614) coming up to the "Sassi Dondolo" art installations made ​​with the use of natural materials. This area is characterized by a high conservation value which earned her recognition by the European community of "Site of Community Importance" (SCI). The value of a Site of Community Interest allows the integration within the ecological network at European level - the Natura 2000 network - which aims to protect and preserve the habitat.


Il crinale boscoso di Cà del vento all'imbrunire.

Tana della Mussina

The route then continues east along a path that runs along and through the woods to reach the famous “Tana della Mussina”. After a short rest we leave to the archeological excavations in Castle rock of Borzano. These excavations were carried out by the Archaeological Group of Albinea, under the direction of the Archaeological Superintendence of Bologna, and they have brought to light many artifacts, partially restored and exhibited at the Environmental Education Center based in Borzano.

Visit also the page of the vinegar dressings that take their names from these places.

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